Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) belongs to the coenzymes (flavins), which are of central importance for carbohydrate, fatty acid and protein metabolism in the cell.
- Antioxidant effect
Vitamin B2 has an antioxidant effect in cells and helps recycle oxidized glutathione.
- Energy production
Riboflavin is important for energy production in mitochondria by breaking down sugars and fats, so they can be used as cellular energy.
Vitamin B2 is necessary for the growth and maintenance of tissues.
Vitamin B2 helps the liver detoxify chemicals, pesticides and other environmental toxins.
Abundant riboflavin intake helps maintain healthy skin and mucous membranes.
Riboflavin may be useful for primary prevention of vascular disease because, along with other B vitamins, it lowers homocysteine levels (elevated homocysteine is a risk factor for atherosclerosis).
Taking 400 mg of vitamin B2 per day has been shown to be effective (up to 50% fewer migraine attacks).
In people with an increased need for riboflavin, insufficient intake may manifest itself in fatigue, depression, and personality changes.
Vitamin B2 may help improve motor function (90 mg per day for 6 months).
The daily requirement of vitamin B2 for men is between 1.3 and 1.4 mg, for women between 1 and 1.1 mg
Riboflavin colors the urine bright yellow, but this is completely normal and harmless
Vitamin B2 is relatively insensitive to heat, so it is not destroyed during cooking; however, as a water-soluble vitamin, it passes into the cooking water
It is degraded by light and should therefore be stored away from light
- Eyes: Redness, increased tearing, sensitivity to light.
- Blood: anemia due to decreased production of red blood cells
- Skin: red, scaly, greasy, painful and itchy areas (especially around nose, mouth, ears and genitals)
- Oral cavity and lips: painful fissures and cracks; a smooth, purple-colored and painful tongue
- Psyche: listlessness, depression, personality changes